Department of Earth and
- Geology -
University of Munich
Luisenstr. 37, 80333 München, Germany
sara.carena *[at]* lmu.de
Phone: +49 (0) 89 2180-6574
Fax: +49 (0) 89
in Geology, LMU Munich
2003 Ph.D. Princeton University, USA.
(M.Sc.) in Geology, State University of Milano, Italy.
Defining the lithospheric structure and the kinematics of the plate
boundary near Taiwan by combining geology, earthquake data and crustal
tomography. In collaboration with John
Wu, Ravi Kanda, and Kamil
Ustaszewski. DFG project.
July 2019 Ridgecrest earthquake sequence: 3D fault geometry and
Coulomb stress modeling, in collaboration with Alessandro
Long-term vertical displacement rates of Basin and Range faults in
collaboration with Anke
Vertical motions of the continental lithosphere, with a focus on
Africa, in collaboration with Anke
Friedrich and Hans-Peter
Postseismic deformation of the 2013 Minab earthquake (Iran) from
satellite interferometry, in
collaboration with Stefanie
Friedrich, and the German
Aerospace Center (DLR).
Determining fault strength and crustal strength by developing finite
element models of both California and Taiwan, with Christoph
Moder. The purpose of this work is to find out what is a
realistic range of fault friction in a transform margin setting and in
a convergent margin setting. The work is based on a coarse global
grid, with local high-resolution representation of actual faults
obtained from published 3-D fault maps. We use GOCAD
to do most of the grid construction and optimization (an
example can be found here).
comparing the simulation results with data on fault-slip rates, we can
determine how faults in the network interact, the role of small
faults, and quantify the typical fault strength in each setting.
Possible structural controls on earthquake nucleation in subduction
zones, with particular focus on the south American trench.
earthquake data in 3-D structural model building, with GOCAD
as the main fault model building tool. I
have modeled fault surfaces in 3-D using the aftershocks from the
1989 Loma Prieta earthquake and the 1994
allowed me to image in detail not only the faults that generated
these two large earthquakes, but also nearby faults. This method is
especially useful for imaging the 3-D geometry of blind thrusts, for
which there is usually little other information available.
Defining the geometry and kinematics of the fault network in
northern Owens Valley, California, USA, and Coulomb stress history
of Owens Valley and of the western Basin and Range, with Alessandro
I have also
worked on structural models for several other regions:
- Taiwan, where the
earthquake produced a large number of aftershocks, making it
possible to identify a decollement horizon below the orogen.
- San Gorgonio Pass - San
Bernardino Mountains area, southern California, resulting in
the definition of the fault geometry in the San Gorgonio Pass region.
- San Andreas fault near
Parkfield and other faults in its vicinity.
this link for images and movies
classes & field exercises
the links below to get information and to download material for class.
Always enter class pages from the main links here, and access my
homepage by using the link I have given you, or by coming from the
main Geology pages. Pages move around and change host from time to
time. Searching for pages on the internet may result in you hitting an
old, cached copy. If there is no link on this page, it means that the
course page is not active yet, or the link has been deactivated
because the course is over.
P1.1 Field Seminar, and P1.2 Field
Mapping and Exploration
(WS 2019/20, 2018/19, 2017/18, 2016/17, 2015/16)
P14.1 Scientific Writing; P14.2 Scientific Presentations (SS
2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019)
P6.0.3 Advanced Active Tectonics 1, and P12.0.3 Advanced Active
(WS 2015/16, 2016/17, 2017/18, 2018/19, 2019/20)
P4.0.1 / WP7.0.3 Modern Active Tectonics (WS 2015/16, 2016/17,
2017/18, 2018/19, 2019/20)
- WP9.0.5 / WP4.0.4 Geological Computer Modeling (SS 2015, 2016,
2017, 2018, 2019)
- P7.0.3 Advanced Active Tectonics 2, and P13.0.3 Advanced Active
Tectonics 4 (SS 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019)
& field exercises
If you have questions about missing grades or signatures for any of
the courses below, please contact me directly. Material for past
courses will not be made available online.
2019 - Field Exercise Berliner Huette, Kurs B (Bachelor's)
2016 - Field Exercise Berliner Huette, Kurs B (Bachelor's)
2014-2015 - P1.1 Field Seminar (Master's)
WS 2014-2015 - P6.0.3 Advanced Active Tectonics 1, and P12.0.3
Advanced Active Tectonics 3 (Master's)
WS 2014-2015 - P4.0.1 / WP 7.0.3 Modern Active Tectonics
SS 2014 - Field Exercise Berliner Huette, Kurs B (Bachelor's)
- WP9.0.5 / WP4.0.4 Geological Computer Modeling: Gocad Workshop
SS 2014 - Mapping course Spain (Master's)
WS 2013-2014 - P4.0.1 Modern Active Tectonics (Master's)
SS 2013 - Gocad Workshop (Master's)
SS 2013 - Field exercise Berliner Huette, Kurs B (Bachelor's)
SS 2013 - Mapping course Spain, Kurs A (Bachelor's)
WS 2012-2013 - Physics
of Geological Processes (Active Tectonics) (Master's)
2012 - Field exercise
Berliner Huette, Kurs A, B (Bachelor's)
2012 - Tektonik Uebung (Structural Geology Lab), Kurs A1, A2 (Bachelor's)
2011-2012 - Mapping course Spain, Kurs A
2011-2012 - Physics
of Geological Processes (Active Tectonics) (Master's)
2011-2012 - Tektonik
2011 - Field exercise
Berliner Huette (Bachelor's)
2011 - Bachelor's Seminar
2011 - Tektonik Uebung (Structural Geology Lab), Kurs A1 (Bachelor's)
2010-2011 - Tektonik
Vorlesung (Structural Geology) (Bachelor's)
2010 - Tektonik Uebung (Structural Geology Lab), Kurs A2
2009-2010 - Seminar:
Geology and Tectonics of Taiwan (Master's)
2009 - Block course "Introduction to Gocad"
2009 - Field
2008 - Block course "Introduction to Gocad"
2008 - Excursion W USA
2006-2007 - Tektonik II Vorlesung (Diplom)
2006-2007 - Tektonik II Uebung (Diplom)
for Ph.D. student positions are always welcome. We do
not have a formal application process, you simply contact the person
you would like to work with (or the Geology Chair if you have no idea
with whom you would like to work).
If you are a foreign student, the best option is for you to first
apply for a DAAD scholarship for
6 or 12 months (which you can do only as long as you are still outside
of Germany). Obtaining a scholarship would increase your chances of
being accepted. Our funding is exclusively through research grants and
it is difficult to match precisely grant availability with
availability of good student candidates. If you can manage to have
your own funding for 6 to 12 months and basically stick around earlier
on, that makes it easier to match you (rather than another random
person who happens to email us at the right time) to the next
available grant. The DAAD also offers some scholarships specifically
to pursue PhD studies.
Regardless of whether you get DAAD or other funding, if you apply for
a Ph.D. student position with me you should always send by email your
CV, statement of purpose, pdf of your Master's thesis, copy of your
M.Sc. Degree and transcripts (with grading scale clearly defined
somewhere), and one or two letters of recommendation sent directly to
my email address by the person/s writing them. At this stage your
documents can be in any of the following languages: English, Italian,
Spanish, French, German. However, if you are admitted, the LMU
administration will only accept official documents in German or
English. So be prepared to get certified copies and translations in
I only accept students who have a good command of English, both
written and spoken. Knowledge of German is not necessary for Ph.D.
work in Geosciences, though you may want to learn some to get around
in stores and offices.
I also usually have Bachelor's and Master's thesis topics
available for students in the respective programs at
LMU. At the moment, several Bachelor theses are available in
mapping and analysis of structures using remote-sensing techniques.
Master theses instead need to be discussed on a case-by-case basis,
though these will also be carried out mainly with remote sensing or
computer modeling techniques.
I expect all students to be able to efficiently use text editors,
spreadsheets and state-of-the-art graphics software without any help
from me. You may have to learn how to use GlobalMapper/ArcGIS/QGIS,
Gocad, or Coulomb 3.3 for your project (it depends on the exact
topic). Basic knowledge of Matlab may turn out to be useful as well.
If you like to play with computers, especially graphics, you will
likely do ok on any project. If you hate touching a keyboard, or
cannot tell valleys from mountains on a topo map, none of my projects
is for you. I do not hand out field-only theses, though your own
project may contain field work as an element. Field work is therefore
more likely for M.Sc. theses, as B.Sc. thesis periods are too short to
combine different methods.
Avasthy, master student
Son: Master thesis title: Tectono-geomorphic study of
uplidfted marine terraces and Quaternary vertical motion in the
coastal Makran, SE Iran.
Verdecchia, Ph.D. May 2016 (Thesis title: Earthquakes
and Coulomb stress evolution in a diffuse plate boundary: Northern
Basin and Range Province, USA).
Now posdtoctoral student at
Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Germany, and McGill University, Canada.
Sundermann, M.Sc. Dec. 2012 (Thesis title: Deformation of
the 760 ka northern Volcanic Tableland: implications for the
kinematic evolution of northern Owens Valley, California, USA).
Now working at Swiss Re, Zurich, Switzerland.
Andreas Fina, B.Sc. Nov. 2011 (Thesis
title: 3D-imaging of the fault
network in northwestern Owens Valley, California)
Moder, Ph.D. Feb. 2011 (Thesis title: From
Faults to Plate Boundaries: Insights from Computer Models).
Wunderlich, B.Sc. Jan. 2011 (Thesis title: 3D
Fault Plane Modeling of the 1986 Chalfant Valley Earthquake Sequence)
Rainer has gone on to obtain a
Master's degree in
Natural Resource Management at
James Cook University, Cairns, Australia. He is now a PhD student in
Biodiversity at the National Taiwan Normal University in Taipei.